Exam #1: Beginnings through the Gold Rush & Merchant Era

I. Matching/ 25 Questions, 25 Points: For matching questions, use lecture notes as a guide to major issues, people, and events that are addressed in the reading. If you have come to class, done the reading, and studied, you will be familiar with the people, ideas, and events listed here--make a list of which you find most significant. The following are examples of matching questions:

MATCHING EXAMPLES

1. Juanenos

2. Pablo Tac

3. Richard Henry Dana

4. Antonio Maria Osio

5. Padrinos/ Padrinas

6. vagrancy laws

7. "gente de Razon"

8. "Digger" Indians

______first mission Indian to write account of his experiences

______pejorative term for California's Indian population

______Acegchemem (Acjachemem)

______Californio bureaucrat, landownder, & writer

______those who considered themselves to be "pure blood" Spanish

______godparents assigned at baptism, to teach converted

______"Two Before the Mast," Yankee Trader

______means of securing a labor force

II. Essays (70 Pts)--Questions for Exam Coming. . . here are some broad questions, but these will be revised by tomorrow AM.3/8

(Organizing Questions) What was the relationship b/t aboriginal, Spanish, Mexican, & Californio Peoples and the environment? How did their attitudes toward the environment compare, and why? How did religious and/ or political ideas inform the ways in which these people related to the land? Economy? What examples do you find from Class, the text, the example of Ishi, and El Capitan that support your answer?

From the era of American takeover to the 1850s, the era of "Merchant Control," do you find Americans particularly greedy or particularly concerned about justice and the legal adjudication of grievances? Is the "rule of greed" or the "rule of law" most important? In other words, do you find more conflict or cooperation among groups brought together in the Gold Rush? Do you find examples of both? Do you find changes over time? What examples do you find from Class, the Text, and Brands to support your answer?

Questions (answer all three):

1-(25) What four important aspects of Native California cultures do you want your fourth graders to remember? Be clear and support your points with examples from Native California groups we have addressed in class and in reading (Juanenos, Chumash, the peoples of El Capitan, and Ishi--Text & El Capitan, Class)

2-(25) What are three significant characteristics of life in Mexican-Californio society, and what were their political strengths and weaknesses? (Text, Class)

3-(25) What was the promise and what were the limits of the Gold Rush and the American world that followed it? Did the Gold Rush and American California in ts early years bring opportunity, disillusionment, or both--how do you see it? (Use examples from class on the economy, Brands' many biographies, and some of the labor readings from the text--The Age of Gold, Text, Class)

III. Geography (25 Points): You will be expected to know the following features of California Geography and to locate them on a map. See the maps attached to our index page.

(5 pts) 1-label the geomorphic provinces (CA Map Page)

(10 pts) 2-Find the following tribal regions on a map (CA Map Page):

  • Region #3 (handout map): Yuki, Pomo, Coast Miwok
  • Region 5 (handout map): Costanoan, Esselen, Salinan
  • Region 7 (handout map): Chumash, Gabrielino, Luiseno, Ipai, Tipai
  • Region # 6: Northern Valley Yokuts, Southern Valley Yokuts, Miwok
  • Region #4: Wntu, Nomlaki, Patwin, Konkow, Nisenan, Maidu

(10 pts) 3-Label the coastal counties + Imperial on the numbered map found on the CA Maps Page: Del Norte, Humboldt, Mendocino, Sonoma, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, Monterey, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura Los Angeles, Orange, & San Diego + Imperial

Also, label Gold Rush Counties of Butte, Sutter, Yuba, Sacramento, Plumas, Sierra, Nevada, Placer, El Dorado, Amador

Trinity

Lake

Napa

Contra Costa

Alameda

Santa Clara

San Benito

Siskiyou

Shasta

Tehama

Glenn

Colusa

Yolo

Solano

San Joaquin

Stanislaus

Merced

Fresno

Kings

Butte

Sutter

Yuba

Sacramento

Plumas

Sierra

Nevada

Placer

El Dorado

Amador

Calaveras

Tuolumne

Mariposa

Madera

(Fresno)

Tulare

Modoc

Lasen

Mono

Inyo

(previous essay questions)

1-Define the salient features of the California Indians, how do we best understand their cultures? How do we best understand the lives of the California Indians? Tell us what life was like before European discovery, and use specific examples to support your interpretation of Indian cultures.

2-Compare the ways in which the California Indians and the Spanish used land and space; were these ways similar or different? How do their relationships to the land reflect larger cultural similarities or differences? (i.e., religion, economy, society, politics)

3-Define the salient features of Spanish culture; in what ways are these characteristics revealed in their exploration and settlement of Alta California?

4-Characterize Mexican culture in California with three adjectives you find most descriptive. Why? Develop your interpretation of Mexican California with examples from class and from reading. To what extent has Mexican California been misunderstood, do you think? Why or Why not?

5-Why did the Bear Flag Revolt occur?

6-From the era of American takeover to the 1890s, years of pre-progressive reform, do you find Americans particularly greedy or particularly concerned about justice and the legal adjudication of grievances? Is the "rule of greed" or the "rule of law" most important? In other words, do you find more conflict or cooperation among groups brought together in the Gold Rush? Do you find examples of both? Do you find changes over time? What examples do you find from Class, the Text, and Hurtado to support your answer?