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 EXAM #2: GOLD RUSH TO 1906

MT Exam #2 (100 pts):

1-15 pts Matching -as in the first exam, these are from lecture.

2-35 pts Geography--I will double the Geography to replace the first exam.

1-COUNTIES: Know the following counties (label them on the blank county map on our website under

"California Maps"--Which counties do you think were most important in the initial Gold Rush? Why? (use text)

Trinity

Lake

Napa

Contra Costa

Alameda

Santa Clara

San Benito

Siskiyou

Shasta

Tehama

Glenn

Colusa

Yolo

Solano

San Joaquin

Stanislaus

Merced

Fresno

Kings

Butte

Sutter

Yuba

Sacramento

Plumas

Sierra

Nevada

Placer

El Dorado

Amador

Calaveras

Tuolumne

Mariposa

Madera

(Fresno)

Tulare

Modoc

Lasen

Mono

Inyo

2. INDIAN TRIBES/ Find the following California Indian Groups on our class map (California Maps):

#1: Tolowa, Yurok, Wiyot, Mattole, Sinkyone, Wailaki, Lassik, Nongatl, Chimariko, Whilkut, Chilula, Hupa, Karok, Shasta

#2: Achumawi, Atsugewi

#4: Wintu, Nomlaki, Patwin, Nisenan, Konkow, Yana, Maidu

3-CALIFORNIA RIVERS (See California Maps):

Label the Blank River Map with the following: Shasta Lake, Yuba River, American River, Cosumnes River, Mokelumne River, Stanislaus River, Tuolumne River, Merced River.

4-S.F. BAY WATERWAYS (See California Maps):

Label the following on the blank Bay Area Map below: SOUTH BAY, SAN PABLO BAY, GRIZZLY BAY,

SACRAMENTO RIVER, CENTRAL BAY, SUISUN BAY, HONIKER BAY, SAN JOAQUIN RIVER.

3-50 pts Essay: From the Era of the Gold Rush to the turn-of-the century, is American California formed in a context of greed and corruption, cooperation and the "rule of law," or both? Can we characterize the entire period--the Gold Rush, the Era of Merchant Control, the Rise of Labor, and early Progressive California in the same way, or are there changes over time?

Gold Rush to Pre-Progressive Reform: Organizing Question: From the era of American takeover to the 1890s, years of pre-progressive reform, do you find Americans particularly greedy or particularly concerned about justice and the legal adjudication of grievances? Is the "rule of greed" or the "rule of law" most important? In other words, do you find more conflict or cooperation among groups brought together in the Gold Rush? Do you find examples of both? Do you find changes over time? (Be sure to address the Gold Rush, and then the years of merchant, Labor, and early reform). Use the information from class, the text, and Brands, and make important notes in the following table in preparation for your essay. Be selective and choose points of argument and evidence you find most important to understanding this era of California's history. Below find a chart in which you can list your examples from class and from reading, the examples that together support your argument. Answering this question, and it is purposefully a broad question, requires a combination of your ideas and the use of supporting evidence. The idea here is to use some of those great examples from Brands, along with class text and lectures.

The grid elow is to write down examples--you don't have to fill it all out, these are ideas. Put in page numbers and notes for the BEST examples from Brands, the Text, and class.

Era/ Topic

Culture/ Literature

Hurtado Examples

Major Events & Issues

Particular People

ECONOMY SOCIETY POLITICS
Gold Rush

1848 -1852

           
Merchant Dominance

1848-1877

           
Labor Empowerment

1877-1880s+

           
Populism,

Pre-Progressive Reform, Rise of the Middle Class

1880s-1906

           
             

Your Paper Question is the same, with a particular emphasis on the Gold Rush and Brands' book.

____________________________________

Part A: Study Questions, Essays & MT #1

Study Questions, Saints and Citizens:

1-(Chpt 1) Colonial Settlements on Indigenous Land:  What was the process of colonial missionization in Alta California?

2-(Chpts 2 & 3)  What was the process of "becoming Indian," and what images were associated with it?

3-(Chpt. 4) What happened in the Chumash War--why did it break out and how was it resolved?

6- (Chpt 5)  How did Mexican Independence affect the native population of Alta California?

7-(Chpt 6) How did the indigenous population actually do in Alta California before American takeover?

Essay #1 (4 to 6 pages, 50 pts):

#1/ How can we characterize the many groups who were the California Indians, and how did the lives of Native Californians compare to that of the Spanish? Look at economy, political organization, religion and culture. Focus on the lives of Native Californians and end with a comparison to Spanish culture. Use the textbook Pacific El Dorado, Haas' Saints and Citizens, the film we saw in class, "Ishi," along with class notes.

#2/ Mexican California lasted a short number of years, under thirty, yet has lasted a long time in our memories of California. How can we characterize life in Mexican California, for both Native Californians and those families who became known as "Californios"? Use information from class lectures, Pacific El Dorado, and Saints and Citizens.

MT Exam #1 (100 pts):

1-15 pts Matching (from class, sample questions below)

1. Juanenos

2. Pablo Tac

3. Richard Henry Dana

4. Antonio Maria Osio

5. Padrinos/ Padrinas

6. vagrancy laws

7. "gente de Razon"

8. "Digger" Indians

______first mission Indian to write account of his experiences

______pejorative term for California's Indian population

______Acegchemem (Acjachemem)

______Californio bureaucrat, landownder, & writer

______those who considered themselves to be "pure blood" Spanish

______godparents assigned at baptism, to teach converted

______"Two Before the Mast," Yankee Trader

______means of securing a labor force

2-35 pts Geography

1-Know the Geomorphic Provinces. (11 ps)

2-Know the Native California groups in Areas 5, 6, & 7. (12 pts)

3-Know the Coastal Counties. (12 pts)

3-50 pts Essay:

You will write an in-class essay answer to one of the questions above, the question for which you did not write the essay.

#1/ How can we characterize the many groups who were the California Indians, and how did the lives of Native Californians compare to that of the Spanish? Look at economy, political organization, religion and culture. Focus on the lives of Native Californians and end with a comparison to Spanish culture. Use the textbook Pacific El Dorado, Haas' Saints and Citizens, the film we saw in class, "Ishi," along with class notes.

#2/ Mexican California lasted a short number of years, under thirty, yet has lasted a long time in our memories of California. How can we characterize life in Mexican California, for both Native Californians and those families who became known as "Californios"? Use information from class lectures, Pacific El Dorado, and Saints and Citizens.