H473B Exam Study

Midterm Exam #1

I. Matching Questions--taken from class lectures, discussions, and film. (30 Matching Questions, 60 pts)

1. While U.S. territorial expansion separated people geographically,

2. tenant farming

3. industrialized agriculture

4. Andrew Carnegie

5. Railroad Acts of 1862 & 1864

6. Mark Twain found all kinds of people on

7. City streets could be especially dangerous because of

8. Frances Willard

9. James B. Weaver

10. Terence Powderly

_____ invested in railroads, oil, and eventually U.S. Steel

_____ characterized the western economy increasingly after the 1870s

_____ characterized the southern economy after the Civil War

_____ on steamboats

_____ railroads

_____ the railroad, the telegraph, and the telephone brought people together

_____ Women's Christian Temperance Union

_____ Populist candidate for president

_____ Knights of Labor leader

_____ provided for federal funds for infrastructure development during the Civil War

II. Essays: You will be asked to answer two of the following questions (140 points each)

1-Steven Hahn, A Nation Under Our Feet:  Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration (Belknap Press, 2003); 2-Carole Haber, The Trials of Laura Fair:  Sex, Murder, and Insanity in the Victorian West (UNC, 2015); 3-Kim Cary Warren, The Quest for Citizenship:  African American and Native American Education in Kansas, 1880-1935 (UNC, 2010); 4-Isaac Metzker (ed), A Bintel Brief:  Sixty Years of Letters from the Lower East Side to the Jewish Daily Forward. (Readings from historiographic articles, Driven Out, The Saloon, and films: Slavery By Another Name, The West: One Sky Avove Us; Chicago: City of the Century; New York: Sunshine and Shadow)

In the first part of class, the readings, lectures, discussions and films are designed to give you a sense for the nation's regions, the following questions are designed to help you study over the work we have done, and then to reflect on the nature of the late nineteenth century U.S.--to what extent were Americans a unified or divided nation?

1-(20 pts) Short Answer Question: What are the historiographic themes for the Gilded/ Progressive Era? Based on the initial historiographic essays, write two paragraphs. In the first, delineate the various arguments about the nature of these years, and in the second, explain which (if any) you find most compelling.

2-(60 pts, 30 pts each) I will ask you TWO of the following questions:

A-From political and paramilitary organization to colonization efforts, to what extent are freedmen and women able to find autonomy in their own lives and to participate in the rebuilding of the South? (A Nation Under Our Feet, Slavery by Another Name)

B-Some writers have asserted that women found more freedom in the nineteenth century West than in other parts of the U.S. Briefly, tell the story of Laura Fair--how does her experience reflect nineteenth century ideas about women, and what does her story --her life and trial, reveal about the freedoms of women in the Far West? (Trial of Laura Fair)

C-What do you find are the main hurdles in the black, Indian, and Chinese "quest for citizenship" in the West, and how do these efforts reflect nineteenth century ideas about race and nationhood? (Quest for Citizenship; The West: One Sky Above Us; One Nation Under Our Feet; Driven Out)

D-What is life like in the Urban and Immigrant Midwest and East--what obstacles did people find in the eastern (midwestern) cities, and what kinds of communal support did people find eased their lives? (Bintel Brief, The Saloon; Chicago: City of the Century; New York: Sunshine and Shadow)

3-(60 pts) In the first part of class, the readings, lectures, discussions and films are designed to give you a sense for the nation's regions. Do Americans across the continent share similar ideas, vision, and lives or are they more than not divided by the worlds in which they inhabit?